Episode 2.14: The Cessation

Download: Episode 2.14: The Cessation

1643

In order to free up soldiers for the war in England, Charles orders the Marquis of Ormond (the commander of the government forces in Ireland) to negotiate a truce with the rebels of the Kilkenny Confederation.

Key Characters

James Butler, Marquis of Ormond (the commander of government forces in Ireland)
Donough MacCarthy, Viscount Muskerry (a prominent aristocrat in the rebel Confederation)
Owen Roe O’Neill (veteran general of the rebel forces in Ulster)

New Locations on Map

New Ross (Ormond wins a strategically unimportant, but politically decisive battle)

Episode 2.13: The Lord of the Fens

Download: Episode 2.13: The Lord of the Fens

Summer 1643

In East Anglia, a local gentleman named Oliver Cromwell emerges as one of parliament’s leading commanders.

Key Characters

Oliver Cromwell (the de facto commander of the Eastern Association Army)
Edward Montagu, Earl of Manchester (the noble who steps in to take over)

New Locations on Map

Huntingdon (Cromwell’s ancestral home)
Ely (home base of the Eastern Association Army)
Gainsborough (Cromwell’s first victory)
Winceby (the concluding battle of the year – a success for Cromwell)

Episode 2.12: Gloucester

Download: Episode 2.12: Gloucester

Summer 1643

The royalists look to cap off a successful campaigning season by capturing Gloucester, the last parliamentary garrison blocking the entrance to South Wales.

Key Characters

Edward Massey (the commander of parliament’s garrison at Gloucester)
Lucius Cary, Viscount Falkland (the King’s Secretary of State)

New Locations on Map

Gloucester (a key parliamentary stronghold guarding the Severn)
Battle of Newbury (Charles and Essex re-fight the battle of Edgehill)

 

Episode 2.11: News and Plots

Download: Episode 2.11: News and Plots

Summer 1643

The people of England read about a series of royalist plots and parliamentary defeats in a new genre of print material – the newsbook. London is torn between defeatism and a determination to see the war through.

Key Characters

John Berkenhead (poet and royalist propagandist/news media critic)
Marchamont Nedham (the editor of the parliamentary newsbook Mercurius Britanicus)

New Locations on Map

Cheapside Cross (a centuries old monument at the centre of a major London marketplace, denounced by the parliamentary regime as idolatrous, and dismantled)

Episode 2.10: A Great Game

Download: Episode 2.10: A Great Game

Summer 1643

The royalists win a string of victories from Yorkshire in the north to Cornwall in the west. Charles seems poised to link up his disparate forces, and take the upper hand in the war.

New Locations on Map

Adwalton Moor (Newcastle scores a significant victory against the Fairfaxes in Yorkshire)
Lansdowne Hill (Hopton’s Cornishmen defeat William Waller’s Western Association.  Bevil Grenville dies in the fighting)
Roundway Down (Hopton destroys Waller’s army)
Bristol (a key port on the west, guarding the mouth of the Severn)

Episode 2.9: The North

Download: Episode 2.9: The North

1642-1643

Outnumbered and divided, the parliamentarians of Yorkshire try to prevent the royalist army of the north from linking up with the King at Oxford.

Key Characters

William Cavendish, Earl of Newcastle (the royalist commander in the North)
John Hotham (the parliamentarian commander at Hull who had defied the King before the war)
Thomas Fairfax (a young parliamentry cavalry officer who impresses in the early fighting)

New Locations on Map

Bradford (site of a popular uprising against the royalist army)
Leeds (where Thomas Fairfax leads the first effective resistance to Newcastle’s army)

Episode 2.8: War Without an Enemy

Download: Episode 2.8: War Without an Enemy

1642-3

Ralph Hopton and William Waller, two friends from their university days at Oxford, find themselves on opposite sides of the war in the West Country.

Key Characters

Bevil Grenville (a leading gentleman of Cornwall, instrumental in securing the county’s loyalty)
Ralph Hopton (the royalist officer tasked with finding allies in the southwest)
William Waller (the newly assigned parliamentary commander in the west)

New Locations on Map

Braddock Down (the Cornish make a stand against a parliamentary invasion of the county)